If you have an enlarged spleen but don't have any symptoms and the cause can't be found, your doctor may suggest watchful waiting. It belongs to the lymphatic system, which functions as a protection against infections. A visibly enlarged spleen is noticed during the examination which in medical terminology is known as splenomegaly. Before removing the spleen, it is disconnected first from the blood supply and from the pancreas. [10]. This is most commonly used remedy to prevent spleen from pain, congestion and swelling. In the treatment options suggested for overcoming spleen pain, you may have across the procedure to remove a section of the organ or completely several times. Examples of infections causing spleen pain and enlargement are as follows: Splenomegaly refers to the enlargement of the spleen. Ask your doctor if you need any additional vaccines. Know what is splenic laceration, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of splenic laceration. When the spleen breaks open, blood pours out into the abdominal cavity, causing immense internal bleeding. If this is the case, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic medication. As a crucial part our lymphatic system, the spleen is a vital “guardian” organ that we rely on every single day to keep the body free from infections, virus and dangerous pathogens of all kinds. Essential oils that reduce inflammation, fight infections, increase blood flow and reduce pain, it include lemon, myrrh, oregano, cypress and frankincense. The underlying cause of the symptom is to be identified and treated for pain in spleen. Close monitoring, bed rest, and blood pressure control are used to give the spleen time to heal. Modifying your activities can reduce the risk of a ruptured spleen. However, note that these abscesses are extremely rare. In spite of this, it may occur with a very forceful blow to the abdominal area, as may happen during a fight, a motor accident, during a contact sport, or because of a rib fracture, with the broken end of the rib penetrating the spleen. Published by Dr. Raj MD under Pain Management. Vaccines usually given include meningococcal vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine, and vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae type B. Others heal with rest and time. This can lead to spleen pain, which is felt in the upper-left part of the abdomen. A ruptured spleen is treated with surgery if the patient has lost a … Treatment for splenic laceration usually involves observation for worsening of the condition and rest to allow the spleen to heal on its own. The whole procedure is observed through a monitor connected to the laparoscope. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. The spleen is a small, purple-colored organ, about the size of a fist, which is located in the left side of the abdomen [1]. The repair of old and damaged cells is also part of the spleen’s functions. In some cases, the spleen will need to be removed surgically. An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. The kind of treatment depends on the underlying cause and the general health of the spleen. Radiological Society of North America. Some people require immediate surgery. You can live an active life without a spleen, but you're more likely to contract serious or even life-threatening infections after spleen removal. If … Splenectomy is done using two methods: laparotomy or open surgery, and laparoscopy. Landaw SA, et al. All rights reserved. Lab Tests Online. If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the cause can't be identified or treated, surgical removal of your spleen (splenectomy) may be an option. The most important treatment of splenic pain is splenectomy, especially if a painful splenic infarction or tearing event occurs. It is caused by an obstruction in the splenic artery. Accessed June 14, 2016. Damage to the spleen is rare because of its protected position under the left side of the ribcage. Often, in emergencies, this is the preferred method. Approach to the adult patient with splenomegaly and other splenic disorders. Spleen pain treatment is directed towards the cure of the underlying condition that is causing the pain. A ruptured spleen can cause pain in the left shoulder because bleeding from the spleen may irritate the phrenic nerve, a nerve that originates in the neck and extends through the diaphragm. An enlarged spleen is diagnosed by your doctor during a physical exam. In: Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. It is usually asymptomatic in mild cases. Non-surgical management of a ruptured spleen is the primary option for treatment as long as the patient's blood pressure is stable and there is not severe bleeding. Article was last reviewed on August 6th, 2018. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Dissolvable Stitches and How long does it take for stitches to dissolve ? Splenectomy is the process of retrieving the entire spleen. In that case antibiotics are prescribed. Some underlying causes of an enlarged spleen, such as cancer, cannot be treated with antibiotics. Spleen Pain Treatment. Enlargement of lymph nodes and spleen. A rapid heart rate and low blood pressure can also be observed because of the large amounts of blood lost. You'll have to see your doctor for reevaluation in six to 12 months or sooner if you develop any symptoms. The underlying cause of an enlarged spleen will largely affect treatment. June 14, 2016. The most important treatment for spleen pain is splenectomy, especially when the pain is caused by a splenic infarct or a splenic rupture. It also cannot be used in obese patients, or in patients who have scars in the spleen tissue caused by a previous operation. However, unlike the. In some cases, the spleen will need to be removed surgically ( splenectomy ). Elective spleen removal requires careful consideration. Blood flow is therefore blocked, leading to ischemia or tissue damage because of lack of oxygen.An embolus is one of the most common examples of blood flow obstruction in the spleen[3]. In most cases, treatment of the underlying cause of the enlarged spleen can prevent removal of the spleen. Your spleen plays an important role in your immune system, so see a doctor if it becomes swollen or painful. It also maintains the balance of body fluids. After it is removed, the incision is closed using sutures and stitches. Treatment. Should you experience this kind of symptom, it is natural to want to know what may have caused it. Accessed June 28, 2016. In these conditions, the spleen capsule becomes thin, making it more prone to damage during traumas and injuries. Spleen pain/ splenic pain is mainly referred to, as and when a left upper quadrant pain in the abdomen is felt. In moderate to severe cases, the symptoms include the following: Splenic rupture is an emergency condition involving the destruction of the capsule of the spleen. Enlarged Spleen: Diagnosis and Treatment. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Both the liquid and solid bone marrow samples are usually taken from the pelvis. Both pharmacological and surgical treatment is beneficial to spleen pain. Aside from the left side of the abdomen, spleen pain may radiate towards other parts of the body, such as the shoulders, left side of the chest, back, and umbilicus. The pain rarely reaches the right side of the abdomen [5]. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. The treatment will focus on addressing the underlying cause of the pain. You'll need a general anaesthetic and may need to stay in hospital for a few days to recover. Laparoscopy, on the other hand, is a less invasive procedure involving three or four small holes in the abdomen. Viral or bacterial infections, liver disease, metabolic disorders, certain kinds of anemia, and blood clots in the area of the liver or spleen can all cause the organ to become enlarged and painful. After surgical removal, the spleen is examined under a microscope to check for possible lymphoma of the spleen. Homeopathy for Splenomegaly or Enlarged Spleen Treatment An enlarged spleen, which can be felt through the walls of the abdomen, is often an indication of disease somewhere in the body. A sample of solid bone marrow is sometimes removed in a procedure called a bone marrow biopsy. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=abdominct#preparation. Computed tomography (CT) — Abdomen and pelvis. It is also advised that the patients must not go to malaria-infected areas. It may be needed if your spleen is too large or too damaged to be removed using keyhole surgery. Splenomegaly. [5]. Treatment. That means at least an annual flu shot, and a tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis booster every 10 years. Treatment. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam.Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: 1. Treatment for an enlarged spleen focuses on the underlying problem. A damaged or ruptured spleen. This helps in lowering down the inflammation and fighting against free radicals. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Splenomegaly (Enlarged spleen): The treatment of underlying cause is the first step in reducing the size of spleen. Occasionally, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove your spleen when there's no identifiable cause for the enlargement. A rupture of the spleen will need surgery to remove it. Enlarged spleen. You'll also need the pneumococcal vaccine every five years after surgery. If only a portion of the spleen … Under normal circumstances, your splee… © 2019 Health Website. Many essential oils can work for enlarged spleen treatment naturally. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Imaging tests are also done. If you're in a car accident, a seat belt can help prevent injury to your spleen. Vaccines are given to prevent infection after removal of spleen. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Best-Sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic to stay hospital! 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