Levels of acidity in Sumatra coffee depends greatly on the location and origin of coffee beans, however roasting the beans can greatly help lower its acidity. Arabica plants tend to be more prone to disease, so farmers must pay close attention to the plants while they are growing. Over 90% of coffee beans grown on Sumatra are produced by small coffee farmers. Furthermore, the ideal environment and the process of wet hulling used by most farmers is suitable for the production of arabica coffee. Searching for suitable habitats the Dutch colonial government, which ruled much of the region, began planting near Batavia (now Jakarta). Indonesia is the fifth-largest coffee producing county in the world and Sumatra is a very significant percentage of the nation’s production. Over time, coffee plantations spread to East Java, Central Java, West Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi. A cup of Sumatra coffee will also include the flavors of tobacco, cocoa, cedar wood, earth, and smoke. A number of factors influence the taste of Sumatra coffee Cold Brew Vs Iced Coffee – What Is The Difference? Its body s medium to full and its acidity is well integrated and sweet. Today, the country ranks is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world. This is great news for the farmers, who don't have to rely on a seasonal income. The production of this coffee is complicated and interesting produced by a number of holders of small lands by using the processing technique of wet hulling’ or giling basah’. Coffee from this western-most island in Indonesia is intriguing and complex, due to the large number of small-holder producers and the unique "giling basah" (wet hulling) processing technique they use. Regency of Central Aceh, Bener Meriah, and Bukit Barisan is a highland area in Sumatra where most of its residents are coffee farmers. Successes came rapidly and within ten years exports had risen to 60 metric tons per year making Indonesia the largest coffee producer after Ethiopia and Arabia. Starbucks is a huge purchaser of Sumatran coffee and frequently uses it in their blends. Most Sumatra coffee is grown at high elevations which is divided into 4 regions across Indonesia. Since each type is quite unique, it is a good idea to have a look at the characteristics and properties of all these beans. Java is the one of the largest islands in the archipelago and also the largest producer of coffee. In the mid-18th Century, when Indonesia was still under Dutch occupation, the Dutch East India Company brought Arabica coffee plants to archipelago. How does Sumatran Coffee Taste? The surrounding community and the farmers who grow this organic coffee benefit directly from the production of this particular Sumatran coffee; the revenue that is generated is used to develop the community and empower the people by providing educational needs. By mid 1870’s, coffee plantations were created in Sumatra, Sulawesi and Java Islands. Sumatra Indonesians are available as a unique wet-hulled or dry-hulled (washed) coffees. It has a sweet, earthy, low-acid profile that is truly distinctive. ; Its unique taste is due to the processing method – wet hulling is what gives Sumatran coffee the earthy and mossy flavor. This regions the the most northern part of Indonesia with favorable altitudes of 1100 – 1300 feet above sea level. Furthermore 25% was consumed for themselves including 25% arabica beans and rest of the robusta beans were exported throughout the world due to their strong structure and low acidity. 99 ($0.50/Count) Interesting Facts About Sumatra Coffee. Mandheling has a rustic sweetness that is the highlight of Indonesian wet-processed coffee. A significant factor in Sumatra coffee’s one-of-a-kind profile, and global renown is the way it is processed. Sumatran coffees are famous for their peculiar flavor profile Flavor Profile implies a graphical impression of a particular coffee, whether it be an artistic portrait or data graph of the perception of flavor compounds. The color of the fresh coffee beans remains deep greenish-blue before they are roasted. Sumatra coffee Coffee growing regions in Sumatra. The most well-known “region” of Sumatra is Mandheling, which is actually a trade name originally based on the Mandailing tribe, which grows coffee in the Tapanuli area. Sumatra has three main growing regions: Mandheling, Lintong, and Gayo. Situated on whats called the coffee bean belt. Islands in the pacific ocean are known for growing coffee, however the Indonesian island conditions are some of the best. Ideal coffee for the people searching for a low acidity brands. While some coffees are fully washed, the vast majority of Sumatra arabica is wet hulled. Coffees in Sumatra are traditionally processed using a method called Giling Basah, or wet-hulling, which results in a coffee that leaves the farm with a much higher moisture content than other methods used more popularly worldwide. As the demand for coffee grew railroads and roads were built to transfer the beans from rural mountainous areas for export. What's the effect of this process on flavor? Named after the Mandheling people who traditionally grew it, growing conditions are ideal with long tropical days and elevations between 2500 – 5000 ft above sea level near Padang in West Central Indonesia. Coffee production was first introduced in the region by Dutch colonials in 1696. Since then the production of coffee has become a crucial part of the Indonesian economy. What Is Sumatra Mandheling Coffee? The relentless dedication to quality coffee and organic farming has made this coop one of the largest and most experienced coffee producing cooperatives in Northern Sumatra. Coarse Ground Coffee – The Ultimate Guide To Brewing. Robusta is largely produced in Sumatra. Early processing methods were decidedly primitive, with farmers using hollowed out logs as a mortar, and carved branches as pestles. Our Sumatra Swiss Water Decaf Coffee is a Fair Trade Organic option that uses a completely chemical-free decaffeination method to retain optimal flavor and body. They can be distinguished from other types of coffee on the basis of their earthy flavor, heavy built and low acidic levels. 1 Swiss Water® Process Decaffeinated. | Why Should You Try It? North Sumatra produces Arabica and Robusta coffee. The most well-known “region” of Sumatra is Mandheling, which is actually a trade name originally based on the Mandailing tribe, which grows coffee in the Tapanuli area. Common darker roasts contain less acidity which is caused by the organic acids being burnt during the roasting process. It has an intensely sweet aroma balanced with the motes of cedar, ripe tomatoes, and chocolate. There are three main districts in North Sumatra producing the coffee, A cup of this Sumatra coffee includes the tinge of flavors of cedar and dark chocolate. Everything from the humidity to the precipitation to the altitude can change the subtleties that go into the flavor of each cup. The farmers process the coffee using a wet-hulling method that imparts the unique herbal and grapefruit notes. Sumatra’s coffee production is defined by its humid climate that has the perfect ratio of rainfall to sunshine and by the wet-hulling process that it uses to prepare the beans. While Indonesia coffee production began on Java, today it is Sumatra that most North American buyers think of when asked to describe Indonesian coffee. Sumatra coffee is known for its sweet, smooth, intense and balanced body and its flavors depend upon the region it is grown and the process used to prepare it. Today, Indonesia's coffee plantations cover a total area of approximately 1.24 million hectares, 933 hectares of robusta plantations and 307 hectares of arabica plantations. In 2017, the estimated production of Indonesia coffee was around 660,000 metric tons. Sumatra coffee is considered ideal to mix with coffee grown in East Africa and Central America due to their high level of acidity. Often described as having cocoa, faint tabacoo and vanilla notes. Grown in the central region of the island of Sumatra near lake toba in the Sidikalang area. Mandheling is more of a coffee “type” and Aceh is an actual region of coffee production. Sumatra produces Arabica coffee and the climatic conditions have a direct impact on its unusual taste. Gelana Abaya – Shara & Bukisa Washing Stations, Closure Notice: Christmas, New Year’s & Inventory Audit, Holiday Closure Notice: Thanksgiving 2020, Getting Hygge Part 2: Upcoming and Fresh Seasonal Arrivals, Exploring Congolese Coffee: A Webinar and Cupping Series, Mandheling, Gr. Its looks smooth, medium-dark with cocoa tone when roasted. Producers farm in the traditional way without the use of any pesticides or chemicals. The government responded by importing Liberica Coffee which is more resistant to leaf rust and proving a success. Sumatra produces some of the world’s finest gourmet coffee and they are known as Mandheling, Lintong and Ankola. Sumatra is the western-most island of Indonesia, and is known for producing uniquely flavored coffee, as well as most of Indonesia’s coffee as a whole. Sumatra Mandheling Coffee, grown in the west-central region near Padang, is known for its smooth and heavy body that is sometimes even described as syrupy. These farms are usually small areas of land with a handful of trees farmed by families who can own as little as 100 coffee trees to a few acres of land. How To Make Strong Coffee – What Is The Best Brewing Method? Production Capacity: 30 Tons/Month Due to the uncertain weather conditions and steady rainfall Sumatra coffee is transported to a specialized wet-hulling piece of equipment which uses friction to complete the drying process removing the coffee beans from its protective coating. Close to 90% of the coffee production in Sumatra is in the hands of small farmers or cooperatives, making it an important economic activity for the region. Java is also known as producing one of the finest aged coffees in the wo… During the second world war, however, Sumatra coffee plantations stopped and taken over by the occupying Japanese. It comes from Indonesia – creating two climatic zones; Sumatra occupies both sides of the equator in equal halves. 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